The Ottoman Endgame: War, Revolution, and the Making of the Modern Middle East, 1908 - 1923

The Ottoman Endgame War Revolution and the Making of the Modern Middle East An astonishing retelling of twentieth century history from the Ottoman perspective delivering profound new insights into World War I and the contemporary Middle EastBetween and a series of

  • Title: The Ottoman Endgame: War, Revolution, and the Making of the Modern Middle East, 1908 - 1923
  • Author: Sean McMeekin
  • ISBN: 9781594205323
  • Page: 318
  • Format: Hardcover
  • An astonishing retelling of twentieth century history from the Ottoman perspective, delivering profound new insights into World War I and the contemporary Middle EastBetween 1911 and 1922, a series of wars would engulf the Ottoman Empire and its successor states, in which the central conflict, of course, is World War I a story we think we know well As Sean McMeekin showsAn astonishing retelling of twentieth century history from the Ottoman perspective, delivering profound new insights into World War I and the contemporary Middle EastBetween 1911 and 1922, a series of wars would engulf the Ottoman Empire and its successor states, in which the central conflict, of course, is World War I a story we think we know well As Sean McMeekin shows us in this revelatory new history of what he calls the wars of the Ottoman succession, we know far less than we think The Ottoman Endgame brings to light the entire strategic narrative that led to an unstable new order in postwar Middle East much of which is still felt today.The Ottoman Endgame War, Revolution, and the Making of the Modern Middle East draws from McMeekin s years of groundbreaking research in newly opened Ottoman and Russian archives With great storytelling flair, McMeekin makes new the epic stories we know from the Ottoman front, from Gallipoli to the exploits of Lawrence in Arabia, and introduces a vast range of new stories to Western readers His accounts of the lead up to World War I and the Ottoman Empire s central role in the war itself offers an entirely new and deeper vision of the conflict Harnessing not only Ottoman and Russian but also British, German, French, American, and Austro Hungarian sources, the result is a truly pioneering work of scholarship that gives full justice to a multitiered war involving many belligerents McMeekin also brilliantly reconceives our inherited Anglo French understanding of the war s outcome and the collapse of the empire that followed The book chronicles the emergence of modern Turkey and the carve up of the rest of the Ottoman Empire as it has never been told before, offering a new perspective on such issues as the ethno religious bloodletting and forced population transfers which attended the breakup of empire, the Balfour Declaration, the toppling of the caliphate, and the partition of Iraq and Syria bringing the contemporary consequences into clear focus.Every so often, a work of history completely reshapes our understanding of a subject of enormous historical and contemporary importance The Ottoman Endgame is such a book, an instantly definitive and thrilling example of narrative history as high art.

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      Published :2018-09-24T15:46:05+00:00

    1 thought on “The Ottoman Endgame: War, Revolution, and the Making of the Modern Middle East, 1908 - 1923”

    1. What's a girl like you doing in a place like this ? At first, the fall of the Ottomans seemed an odd subject for the man who gave us The Russian Origins of the First World War but hereditary enemies entwine their histories and the series of Russo-Turkish wars spanning four centuries tied the fates of the Balkan and the Caucasus to those of the two powers. The rise of the Young Turks, so often glossed over as a sudden burst of modernism, is set within a context of reforms under the Ottoman sultan [...]

    2. The Ottoman Endgame: War, Revolution and the Making of the Modern Middle East, 1908-1923, is a book on the final years of the Ottoman Empire, and its dissolution after WWI. The Ottoman Empire was a fascinating conglomerate of cultures, religions and regions that lasted for hundreds of years. It controlled territory that today is often considered restive, areas such as the Balkans, the Middle East, and North Africa. It controlled these areas for centuries, where many others failed to for even a f [...]

    3. excellent book about the last years of the Ottoman Empire - though it essentially starts in 1876 with the palace coup that brought the young (and seemingly inexperienced so easy to control) Sultan Abdul Hamid to power and the desperate maneuvers of the new Sultan to avoid immediate disaster as the Russian Army will be a few miles from the gates of Constantinople in early 1878, maneuvers that will prove quite successful and stave disaster for another 20 years, while later only the mildness and cl [...]

    4. The Great War saw the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. In fact it was a result of a long period of conflict and revolution and was not a collapse, but rather a climax. In this book, Sean McMeekin offers a grand overview of the events leading up to this collapse.

    5. I came to The Ottoman Endgame in my quest to explore the global reach of WWI - i.e everything beyond the Western front. Sean McMeekin's latest book is perfect for this purpose, as it describes the conflict from the Ottoman empire's perspective. The results are impressive: an exciting, well told, and illuminating narrative history.This focus requires a somewhat broader perspective than a 1914-1918 battlefield account. McMeekin reaches back to 1900-1914 (indeed, begins in the late 1800s) in order [...]

    6. I watched some months ago a recent 2-hour french documentary on the fall of the Ottomans and I was amazed by the clarity of it and its economic storytelling of the last days of the empire. It didn't pay much attention to numbers (ie, number of ships, number of soldiers, etc) and it focused, instead in creating a compelling story. I was expecting something like that in this book, a general storytelling of the empire's last years, however, what i got was a military history of the Ottomans in the f [...]

    7. The opening of Turkish and Russian archives in recent years has allowed for an avalanche of new scholarship on the late-Ottoman period and WW1. This book is a rarity in that it covers extensively the war fronts in Russia and Eastern Europe, as opposed to the Middle East (which tend to be focused upon more due to their relevance to contemporary events). I had just finished a book on Turko-German relations by the same author that I was quite underwhelmed by, but I found this work to be far superio [...]

    8. (Note: I received a free copy of this book through First Reads.)A history of the break-up of the Ottoman Empire and the emergence of the new nation of Turkey, drawing upon long-unavailable archives in Turkey and Russia. The largest share of the book covers the events of World War 1, and it's illuminating to see the war portrayed from the Turkish point of view; not one often seen in the West. I'd venture to say that most Westerners are mostly familiar with the Ottoman role in WW1 for three thing [...]

    9. This was a great book on a subject I've been reading a lot about lately, the twilight and eventual dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. Very detailed and exhaustively researched, there were a couple of points that stuck out to me. For one, It's so shocking to me that the European powers thought their partition of what's now modern Turkey was tenable at all. Forget Gallipoli, you can at least explain the motivation behind that but encouraging the Greek Army to push far beyond reason caused untold d [...]

    10. Most absorbing account of the Great War in this part of Europe and Asia, and the machinations and the shortcomings that doomed a proud but moribund empire Interesting take on Lawrence and on the Arabs too

    11. I thoroughly enjoyed “The Ottoman Endgame: War, Revolution, and the Making of the Modern Middle East, 1908-1923” by Sean McMeekin. It rapidly addresses the intercontinental disruptions across the Ottoman Empire. McMeekin strikes a balance between military history and geopolitics, while writing a compelling narrative that flows with ease and depth. I happen to love studying this time period, and have read quite a bit about the fall of the Ottoman Empire, yet I also discovered new insights int [...]

    12. Indulging in cliché today. We seem to be living history over and over and making nearly the same mistakes in the Middle East with a revolving cast of characters. McMeekin makes a strong case that the War of the Ottoman Succession is still unfolding in the Middle East. OTOH, Turkey seems to have done pretty well emerging out of WWI and the ensuing struggles. Without the Ottoman Caliphate, what is to stop Iran and KSA from ultimately going to war? Is that how this century-old conflict is gonna pa [...]

    13. Remarkably good account of the end of the Ottoman Empire and the birth of modern Turkey. McMeekin brings the Ottoman perspective to the forefront of this account more so than any other history of the place/period I have read. The result is a very even-handed and compelling narrative of a fascinating time and place, full of insight and understanding. (And lots of detailed and helpful maps!). Highly recommended.

    14. I received a free copy of this book through First Reads in exchange for a fair review.Initially I wanted to summarize the content of this book but it is not an option since the book is five hundred and fifty pages, and my political views or feelings are no consequence to anybody who will read this review. Instead, let me say this is an extraordinary book with amazing details backed up by historical documentations from the most recently opened Ottoman and Russian archives. Although I had studied [...]

    15. If you were ever a child in America, you are familiar with Nik-o-Lok. They manufacture the mechanisms for the capsule machines that dot both urban and suburban landscapes: on the sidewalks before bodegas or laundromats and throughout shopping malls, toy stores, and grocers. You definitely know the ones; drop in a coin, turn the handle and out rolls a gumball or a clear plastic sphere filled by a small rubber hamster dressed as a ninja or a stretchable sticky hand that left mysterious Ghostbuster [...]

    16. I read Sean McMeekin's new book, "The Ottoman Endgame: War, Revolution, and the Making of the Modern Middle East: 1908 -- 1923 (2015) because I have become interested in the history of the Middle East and its many current issues. McMeekin's book is broader in scope than a history of WW I in the Middle East. The book begins in 1876 with the installation of a new Sultan and a fledgling attempt at constitutional government. The book ends in 1923 with the Treaty of Lausanne and the establishment of [...]

    17. With all that has been written recently on the First World War, discussions of the Ottoman Empire and its demise could be seen as incomplete, in that they seemed to embody some other perspective besides that of the Empire itself, for example Britain's policy towards the Ottomans or how the Germans secured the Ottoman Empire as an ally or sorts. Sean McMeekin's wonderful book addresses this issue and presents a history of the last 40 years or so of the Ottomans up through the Empire's defeat and [...]

    18. Very detailed and factual, which I like. I cannot possibly remember all this detail, but going through it gives me a good broad understanding of how the Ottoman empire was broken up during WW I and the early 1920's.The most interesting and topical part is how modern Turkey emerged at the end of the whole process. The Turkish general who saved Turkey, Kamal Ataturk, was probably the only truly great man of the whole war, either in the East or the West.On the Western side Winston Churchill was not [...]

    19. The end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th was an immensely important few decades. Each decision made leading up to the First World War was meant to expand influence, flex power, and further the old world order. No one thought these calculated decisions would ultimately bring the downfall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, Imperial Germany, start the decline of the British Empire and French decolonization, while giving rise to an entire new world order. This book is i [...]

    20. Brilliant. Generally, an overview of the Middle East during World War I, but perhaps more significantly, a detailed look at the ethno/religious mess that part of the world was left in following the conflict. The only people left standing in their own country with their own history intact were the Turks, largely due to Mustafa Kemal taking it by force. The rest were shuffled like a deck of cards by Christians, Muslims and the Entente. McMeekin makes a compelling argument that what's been happenin [...]

    21. Fascinating how today's situation in the Middle East was shaped literally a century ago if not before that. This S-E flank of the WW I was not covered in our school history concentrating on this and the subsequent world war. There's a lot of history that goes some way to give direction of Russia's actions even under Putin. And if there's one dictum that is proven by this book it is the adage of yesteryear: "There's nothing new under the sun". Really wonder, what Erdogan, Putin and Bashar Al-Assa [...]

    22. A very well researched account of the last days of the Ottoman empire. It covers major battles of WWI in Anatolia, Asia Minor, and the Caucasian regions. It also covers the the splitting up of the Southern regions of the Ottoman empire into middle eastern nation states. The book is written very well and the accompanying maps are a great help to visualize the battles and skirmishes.

    23. McMeekin's history covers much of the same ground as Rogan's The Fall of the Ottomans: The Great War in the Middle East (reviewed here), and while WWI, specifically the Eastern Front, is the focus of both books, McMeekin's provides much of the context that I found lacking in the Rogan book. Ottoman Endgame's coverage of the Caucasus Campaign, for example, is far superior. Personally, I found McMeekin's tone far more engaging than Rogan's and moved through Ottoman Endgame far more quickly than I [...]

    24. Excellent and comprehensive account of the decline and fragmentation of the most enduring empire in known history, the repercussions of which continue to this day. The First World War started in the heavily Ottoman-influenced Balkans; it was largely decided by battles involving that empire (which may come as a surprise to contemporary British schoolchildren, to whom the whole conflict is portrayed as having taken place on the Western Front); it went on beyond 1918 in the Turkish defence of natio [...]

    25. an engaging account of the conflicts that tore apart the Ottoman empire and gave rise to many of the nations of modern South Eastern Europe and modern West Asia. Detailing the complex relationship between European States and the Ottoman Empire and the conflicts that emerged in the early 20th century as the empire began to break apart and how these conflicts fed into the wider European and then World War. The book started off really well, had quite a dull patch when discussing much of the young T [...]

    26. McMeekin is a very productive historian, he writes more quickly than one can read. Still, his work is high quality. This book on the downfall of the Ottoman Empire is a necessary read for anyone who wants to understand both the First World War and contemporary Turkey. In Europe the Turkish side of the story is not well known. McMeekin casts his net widely, sometimes a bit too much is told about the front in Eastern Europe and the Russian Revolution, but the story always remains highly interestin [...]

    27. This book was not for me. It was a long slog. The book is well written and very well researched. Extremely detailed, which was likely the problem. Very well researched. The author's depth of knowledge is remarkable. But this is not what I was looking for. Too detailed for me . . . I should have read the Cliff Notes version.This was drinking from a firehose. My retention of content was extremely low. There is a lot of stuff in this book I did not know, but I didn't really give a crap about. I gue [...]

    28. McMeekin's use of Ottoman and Russian archival materials has greatly enriched historical understanding of the last quarter of the 19th century and its lead-up to WWI. In this installment, he focuses on Turkey, from the 1908 Young Turks to the devastating forced movements of peoples in the aftermath of the breakup of the Ottoman Empire and the Treaty of Sevres. It's interesting to see the Arab Revolt and Lawrence put into less legendary perspective, and he looks at the Armenian Genocide head on, [...]

    29. Vel skrifuð og rannsökuð saga um lok veldis Ottomana í Fyrri heimsstyrjöld. McMeekin rekur aðdragandann að stríðinu m.t.t. innri ólgu í ríkinu og hvernig Bretar, Frakkar og Rússar hröktu Ottomana til stuðnings við Þjóðverja því ríkin ásældust lönd og áhrif við Svartahaf og botn Miðjarðarhafsins. McMeekin rústar líka mörgum flökkusögum sem hafa farið á kreik svo sem um áhrif Arabíu Lawrence, bresks hermanns sem talinn var hafa sameinað arabíska þjóðflokk [...]

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